Innovations for self-sustaining production systems: permaculture, bio-intensive vegetable garden and forest food (Agriculture selfsufficient)
The main objective consists in the development of new “zero impact” agricultural systems, exploiting marginal hill and mountain areas and following the principles of sustainability and permaculture technique. Self-sustaining systems will be developed, creating opportunities for rehabilitation work. In fact, the lucrative niche market of natural and organic productions may provide an opportunity for disadvantaged productive realities.
Zero impact and self-sufficient production systems will be set up, using the principles of permaculture in a farm situated in a hilly-mountainous area.We will test innovative production systems, such as the food forest bio-intensive technique. The food forest is an orchard-vegetable garden system, simulating a forest ecosystem on multiple layers. The biointensive vegetable garden is achieved according to more environmentally-friendly cultivation systems, able to guarantee continuity with a remarkable harvests and of high quality productions. In particular, the bio-intensive orchard technique will be test in other production realities, in order to verify the replicability of the technique.
The main expected results are:
1. Identification of low environmental impact extraction strategies applied to the byproducts of the food supply chain for the optimal production of active extracts and biomolecules for phytoiatric and food applications;
2. Production of enriched extracts and biomolecules with antifungal, antimicrobial, and repellent activities;
3. Selection of enriched extracts and biomolecules with antioxidant activity as food ingredients;
4. Characterization of the extract residues by analytical strategies for an optimal energy valorization.
Benefits will be:
1. Righteous use by the food and agricultural companies of their byproducts as a further source of income;
2. Opportunity for the phytosanitary companies to access new biopesticides and for the food companies to obtain qualified products in terms of health and nutrition. This allows to satisfy the constant requirement by the market of natural molecules in place of synthetic products coming from sustainable production chains;
3. Building and consolidation of a process model for the byproducts valorization that might be exportable in different business contexts (e.g. cosmetics);
4. Information about the optimal strategies for the energy use of residual biomasses.
Realizzazione dell’azienda agricola autosufficiente
Le azioni per la realizzazione del progetto hanno permesso di mettere a punto una serie di tecniche agronomiche per la creazione di un’azienda autosufficiente sia dal punto di…